Disaster management process in some countries is still facing some difficulties due to the large number of victims and the damage of infrastructures and environments. These are caused by several problems such as lack of effectiveness in emergency response and recovery, lack of understanding in prevention and risk reduction, and lack of community participation in disaster management process. Efforts to overcome the problems encourage the emergence of a new idea about the disaster management process needed to be conducted as an integrated risk reduction process.  The disaster management should be considered as an activity which has a characteristic that is not focused on the aspect of emergency response but more on the whole risk management. This gives an understanding that prevention and mitigation, referred as active disaster management, are not less important than the rehabilitation and reconstruction, known as passive disaster management.

Besides developing a cyclical process which consists of prevention-emergency response-rehabilitation-reconstruction in the disaster management process, the disaster risk reduction gives portion to the community to participate more actively in doing mitigation or disaster risk reduction. The disaster management activities are not only the program for government, but also for the community in general. Communities are not merely objects; they are also positioned as the subjects, objects, and main targets in the program. In this context, the disaster management is intended to improve the capacity and participation of the community to engage actively in managing and reducing disaster risk, especially in the prevention process. It means that the factors of success in reducing disaster risk will be the responsibility of all members of society.

Community participation in disaster risk reduction can be measured from the readiness and resiliency in facing disaster. Vulnerability and resiliency of individuals and communities will be an indicator for the success of the risk reduction. Disaster risk is defined as a result of interaction between the threat of hazards and the vulnerability level.  The threat of hazard is an independent variable as the result of the dynamic natural process, while the vulnerability level is a dependent variable that can increase or decrease depending on the ability of community members in facing disaster. The higher the hazard, vulnerability, and incapability, the greater the risk that should be faced by the communities. To reduce the risk of disaster, the dependent variable should be increased by reducing vulnerability and enhancing capabilities.

To reduce vulnerability and at the same time increase capability that will result in resiliency, each family member is required to be able to recognize various threats that exist in their environment, to reduce potential threats and vulnerability that may happen in their environment, and to increase their ability independently to face any threat. Therefore, each family member will have a central role to create community resiliency and is required to understand hazard, vulnerability, disaster risk, and their triggering factors. The risk reduction management can be implemented optimally if every member of the community can reduce disaster risk by knowing thoroughly the potential hazards, level of vulnerability, disaster risk, and triggering factors. Therefore, the approach to managing disaster risk reduction becomes important and corresponds to encourage awareness of every person to reduce hazards and vulnerability and to improve the ability to deal with danger.

There are some problem that arise then. How does each member of the family and community know the hazard potential, level of vulnerability, disaster risk, and their triggering factors that may occur in their environment? How can each member of the community be able to reduce the threat potential and vulnerability that may occur in their environment and to improve their ability independently to face each threat? Is disaster education for community can be one alternative solution to help people realize those issues? Education (formal, non-formal or informal) is one of the important elements in improving community resiliency to disaster. How can it be planned and realized? The question becomes a small part of many issues that will arise in implementing disaster management as a process of disaster risk reduction. Based on the questions mentioned, the international seminar is organized to give contribution in the forms of ideas related to disaster risk reduction process through the development of disaster education


Organized by Master’s Program in Non-formal Education Education
Graduate School, Yogyakarta State University
and Faculty of Education, Yogyakarta State University

Kategori Seminar: 
Tanggal Kegiatan/Date: 
Tuesday-Wednesday, 16-17 September 201
Main Meeting Room, Rector Building YSU

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